Management of COVID: The Creeping Disaster in the Indian Scenario


  • Keny J. New Port Nature Environment and Wildlife Society (NEWS), LGR Nagar, Karaikal, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Godfrey G.P. Jawahar Society for National Integration through Rural Development, S.N.I.R.D., Railpet, Ongole - 523 001, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh



COVID-19, creeping disaster, management strategies, healthcare infrastructure


The COVID-19 pandemic has posed an enormous challenge to the Indian healthcare system, leading to a creeping disaster in the country. This research article aims to analyze the management strategies adopted by the Indian government to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 and highlight the challenges faced in the Indian scenario. The study is based on a qualitative analysis of various secondary sources, including government reports, scientific literature, and news articles. The findings suggest that the Indian government implemented several measures to manage the COVID-19 pandemic, including nationwide lockdowns, scaling up testing and treatment facilities, and vaccination drives. However, the implementation of these measures was plagued by several challenges, including inadequate healthcare infrastructure, inadequate funding, shortage of medical supplies, and misinformation. The study also highlights the need for a coordinated response from different stakeholders, including the government, healthcare workers, and the general public, to effectively manage the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the study recommends the need for a robust healthcare infrastructure, investment in research and development, and public awareness campaigns to address the challenges posed by COVID-19. Overall, this research article provides insights into the management of the creeping disaster COVID-19 in the Indian scenario and underscores the need for concerted efforts from all stakeholders to effectively mitigate the impact of the pandemic.


Abdullah, A. S., Malik, M., Farooq, F., Khan, A., and Qureshi, M. R. (2020). Role of social networks in COVID-19 information dissemination: A survey of Pakistan. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(8), e19559.

Banerjee, D. (2020). The impact of the Covid‐19 pandemic on elderly mental health. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 35(12), 1466-1467.

Basu, T. (2020). The role of media in the spread of COVID-19 in India. Media International Australia, 177(1), 104-110.

Berk, L. E. (2017). Development through the lifespan. Pearson.

Bhaskar, S., Bradley, S., Chattu, V. K., Adisesh, A., Nurtazina, A., Kyrykbayeva, S., andSakhamuri, S. (2020). Telemedicine as the New Outpatient Clinic Gone Digital: Position paper from the Pandemic Health System Resilience Program (REPROGRAM) international consortium (Part 2). Frontiers in Public Health, 8, 410.

Bhatia, R. (2020). Cultural and social factors in the COVID-19 pandemic response. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e259.

Carla S, R. G. (2019). School-community collaboration: disaster preparedness towards building resilient communities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(2), 45-59.

Chakraborty, I., and Maity, P. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak: Migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention. Science of The Total Environment, 728, 138882.

Chatterjee, A., Chakraborty, S., and Lahiri, D. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education sector in India. Journal of Education and Practice, 11(11), 43-51.

Chen, X., Ran, L., Liu, Q., Hu, Q., Du, X., Tan, X., & Li, H. (2020). Hand hygiene, mask-wearing behaviours and its associated factors during the COVID-19 epidemic: A cross-sectional study among primary school students in Wuhan, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2893.

Chopra, S., Ranjan, P., Singh, V., and Kumar, S. (2020). Understanding the impact of COVID-19 on the wedding industry: An exploratory study of Indian consumers. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 58, 102273.

Chowdhury, A., Gupta, A., Rudra, S., and Chatterjee, A. (2020). COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps: A Techno-Social Overview. IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, 9(5), 25-33.

Coppola, D. P. (2015). Introduction to international disaster management. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Cvetković, V., & Janković, B. (2020). Private security preparedness for disasters caused by natural and anthropogenic hazards. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 2(1), 23-33.

Dasgupta, R. (2020). The politics of COVID-19 relief in India. The Lancet Public Health, 5(6), e303.

Dey, S., and Joshi, S. (2020). Women in COVID-19 times: Challenges and coping strategies. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy.

Family Welfare. (2020). Janata Curfew on 22 March 2020: A clarion call to unite India against COVID-19. Retrieved from

Ghosh, R. (2020). Coronavirus, the Indian state, and society. Journal of South Asian Studies, 8(2), 165-178.

Gupta, A., andBajpai, N. (2020). COVID-19 and Indian Healthcare System: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Healthcare Management.

Gupta, N., Agrawal, S., Ish, P., Mishra, S., Gaind, R., andUsha, G. (2020). Transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in India's public transportation systems. Journal of Travel Medicine, 27(7), taaa117.

Hossain, M. S., Tasnim, S., Sultana, A., Faizah, F., Mazumder, H., Zou, L., and Ma, P. (2020). Epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Bangladesh, from 8 March to 11 May 2020: A population-based study. The Lancet Global Health, 8(10), e1309-e1318.

Janković, B., Sakač, A., & Iričanin, I. (2023). Students’ perception of police readiness to respond to disasters caused by a COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 5(1), 39-51.

Jetten, J., Reicher, S. D., Haslam, S. A., andCruwys, T. (2020). Together apart: The psychology of COVID-19. SAGE Publications.

Kang, G. J., Ewing-Nelson, S. R., Mackey, L., Schlitt, J. T., andMarathe, A. (2020). Semantic network analysis of COVID-19 regional and national news coverage: Implications for health communication. Big Data & Society, 7(2), 2053951720949513.

Kundu, A. (2020). Vulnerability of informal workers to the impacts of COVID-19 in India: Observations from the lockdown period. World Development, 136, 105123.

Lewnard, J. A., and Lo, N. C. (2020). Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 631-633.

Mandal, S., andPonnambath, D. K. (2021). Effectiveness of social distancing and case isolation as COVID-19 control measures in India: A systematic review. Journal of Public Affairs, e2663.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. (2020). National Disaster Management Guidelines: Management of Biological Disasters. Available at:

Ministry of Home Affairs. (2020). Disaster Management Act 2005. Available at:

Mishra, S. (2020). COVID-19 and the future of education in India. Prospects, 1-4.

Nandy, K., Salunke, A., Pathak, S. K., Pandey, A., Doctor, C., Puj, K., and Chakraborty, T. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of various public health measures such as lockdown, quarantine, and social distancing on the pandemic. Medicine in Drug Discovery, 100073.

Press Information Bureau. (2020). Ministry of Home Affairs issues guidelines on measures to be taken by Ministries/Departments of Government of India, State/Union Territory Governments and State/Union Territory Authorities for containment of COVID-19. Available at:

Ramkumar, V. (2020). India's COVID-19 contact tracing app: A test of privacy and security. The Lancet Digital Health, 2(8), e393-e394.

Reicher, S., Drury, J., & Stott, C. (2020). The allure of a common identity: How social identification can shape the COVID-19 response. The Lancet Public Health, 5(8), e365-e366.Mi

Roy, D., &Bhattacharjee, S. (2020). Cultural and psychological influences on the spread of COVID-19 in India. Psychiatry Research, 289,

Sahoo, S., & Kumar, M. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic: Challenges and opportunities in India's health care system. Journal of Health Management, 22(2), 197-204.str

Sharma, A. (2020). Social protection in India during COVID-19: Issues, gaps and policies. International Social Security Review, 73(3), 103-120.y of Health and

Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. The social psychology of intergroup relations, 33-47.

The Hindu. (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic exposes India’s healthcare system weaknesses. Available at: [Accessed 10 August 2021].

Thomas Hale, Noam Angrist, Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake, Laura Hallas and Saptarshi Majumdar (2021). A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker). Nature Human Behaviour, 5(4), 529-538.

Van Bavel, J. J., Baicker, K., Boggio, P. S., Capraro, V., Cichocka, A., Cikara, M., ... &Willer, R. (2020). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19.

WHO. (2021). COVID-19 Weekly Epidemiological Update. Available at: [Accessed 10 August 2021].




How to Cite

Port, K. J. N. ., & Jawahar, G. G. . (2024). Management of COVID: The Creeping Disaster in the Indian Scenario. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 6(1), 103–110.