International Journal of Disaster Risk Management <p>International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) is a <strong>double-blind peer-reviewed</strong> (twice a year), open-access, international journal, that serves all aspects of disaster studies, policy, and management. It provides a platform for academics, policymakers, and practitioners to publish high-quality research and practice concerning natural disasters and hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, tsunamis, cyclones, wildfires, pandemics, etc.), man-made (anthropogenic) disasters (civil disorder, terrorism, war, biological/chemical threat, cyber-attacks, hazardous materials, industrial accidents, technological failures, etc), complex political emergencies, and global crises.</p> <p>The publisher is the <strong>Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management</strong>, Belgrade, Serbia - <a href="">link.</a> The founder of the journal is <strong>Professor Dr Vladimir M. Cvetković</strong> from the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Security Studies - <a href="">link</a></p> <p>ISSN (printed edition) 2620-2662, ISSN (electronic edition) 2620-2786, UDC: 614.8.069</p> <p>Journal Abbreviation - <strong>Int. J. Disaster Risk Manag.</strong></p> <p><strong>Brochure </strong>about International Journal of Disaster Risk Management<strong> - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a>, and Booklet </strong>about International Journal of Disaster Risk Management<strong> - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link.</a></strong></p> <p>Submission of the articles <strong>doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs) or submission charges</strong>.</p> <p>The journal crosses and affects interdisciplinary boundaries to promote communication, collaboration, and teamwork between professions and disciplines to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development. The journal encourages the interchange of ideas and experiences, to decrease the risk of disasters and build community resilience within the context of sustainable development and planetary boundaries.</p> <p>This is an <strong>open-access journal</strong> which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong></p> <p>Disasters, disaster risk management, natural disaster, technological disaster, emergency situations, crisis management, theory and practice, mitigation, preparedness, hazards, policy, natural, complex, emergencies, political, aid, relief, developing, humanitarian, field, reports, refugee, journal, research, analysis, review.</p> <p><strong>Abstracting and Indexing Information</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>J-Gate</strong> - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ICI Journals Master List databas</strong>e - <a href=";lang=en">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Sherpa Romeo</strong> - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ERIH PLUS</strong> (European Reference Index for the Humanities or ERIH) - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>CEOOL</strong> (Central and Eastern European Online Library) - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Dimension</strong>s - <a href=";and_facet_source_title=jour.1367547&amp;order=date">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>National Library of Serbia</strong> - COBISS.SR-ID - 275644172 - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Crossre</strong>f - <a href=";from_ui=yes&amp;publication=International+Journal+of+Disaster+Risk+Management#">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ROAD</strong> – Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Fatca</strong>t - <a href="">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Google Scholar Citation</strong>s - <a href=";hl=sr&amp;authuser=1">link</a></li> </ul> <p>Also, you can find us via Facebook - <a href="">link</a>, Instagram - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a>, or Twitter - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a></p> <p>This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both before and after publication while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) allows authors to deposit the publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository, research gate,, and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on the Author's website (including social networking sites<span lang="">), </span>and/or departmental website, at any time after publication in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial – NoDerrivatives 4.0 (<a href=""></a>). The Publisher's copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI (HTML link).</p> <p><strong>Aims and scope</strong></p> <p>The journal will cover all aspects of disaster risk management from a global perspective, including but not limited to:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>Disaster and crisis management theory and practice,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Risk awareness and assessment,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Hazard and vulnerability analysis,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Knowledge development including education, training, research, and information on disasters,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Public commitment and institutional frameworks, including organizational, policy, legislation, and community action,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Disaster prevention, mitigation, response, recovery planning, policies, and implementation,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Promotes the interchange of ideas between practitioners, policy-makers, and academics.</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong> </strong><strong>Submission Process</strong></p> <p> Authors are kindly invited to submit their formatted full papers. All paper submissions will be blind peer-reviewed and evaluated based on originality, research content, correctness, relevance to the conference, and readability (reviewer form). Please read the complete submission and formatting guidelines before submitting your paper.</p> <p><strong>Please, use the template for writing the article - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a> and guidelines for contributors - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a></strong></p> <p>Papers that are not adapted to the form will be rejected.</p> <p><strong>You can submit your paper through the following - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Link</a> </strong><u>or send it via email -; if you have a problem with the online platform.</u></p> <p> <strong>Length of paper</strong></p> <p>There are no restrictions on paper length! We strongly encourage authors to present their experimental and theoretical findings with utmost thoroughness.</p> en-US <p>International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) allows authors to deposit publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository, research gate,, and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on Author's personal website (including social networking sites<span lang="">)&nbsp;</span>and/or departmental website, at any time after publication in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial – NoDerrivatives 4.0 (<a href=""></a>). The Publisher's copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI (HTML link).</p> (Prof. dr Vladimir M. Cvetkovic) (Secretary) Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 A Systematic Collaboration of Volunteer and Professional Fire Units in Hungary <p class="MDPI17abstract">Volunteer firefighter units provide fire protection and rescue in many countries, while efforts to ensure safety often fall under the competencies of municipalities and local communities. Hungary, a Central European country centralised a large portion of its public services in the past decade, fire safety and rescue became the competence of a centralised professional governmental agency with national coverage. Although policy builds on a central professional organisation, the volunteer firefighting movement gained importance and has grown significantly recently. This paper investigates the collaboration between private volunteer firefighting brigades (local associations) and the central governmental disaster management agency of Hungary. We apply a case study approach to understand how volunteer units are integrated into the professional system. Our research is based on the analysis of policy documents, key informant interviews and Freedom of Information data requests. Findings show that volunteer units contribute to the safety and resilience of local communities in Hungary, but their engagement is not sustainable due to demographic and societal challenges, as well as the policy contradictions identified. The majority of the research on the role of volunteer firefighters covers decentralized countries with subsidiary systems. This current case study provides an addition to the discourse around the involvement of volunteers in fire safety with the evaluation of a collaboration between a centralized professional authority and localized, individual volunteer fire associations.</p> András Molnár Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Dynamics of Internal Migration in the Southwest Region of Bangladesh <p>Bangladesh is well-known as a developing nation around the world. Migration is common in Bangladesh, particularly within the country. To raise their living conditions (income, housing, education, health, communication, etc.), many people move to new areas. Dacope Upazila is located in the southwestern region of Bangladesh, and this study seeks to examine the factors that contribute to the dynamics of internal migration by assessing the social and economic changes in the living standard of internal migrants following the migration. Both primary and secondary data were analysed statistically. The use of a questionnaire survey has allowed for the collection of primary data. Priority ranking matrix, Satisfaction Index, Economic Status Index (ESI), and Social Status Index (SSI) were computed to analyse the data. Statistical methods were also used to derive demographic information of the migrants. The study found that the majority of migrants were men who were either unemployed or living in poverty. The lack of economic opportunities, the inability to protect one's financial well-being from natural disasters, and the absence of adequate market infrastructure were the primary driving forces of migration. Migratory choices are heavily influenced by economic factors, and a lack of employment opportunities was ranked as the top factor. The Satisfaction Index highlighted the high levels of contentment experienced by internal migrants. Both the ESI and SSI showed greater improvement in the migrants' social and economic standing after migration. One could say that internal migration has a significant effect on the resulting population.</p> Md. Kamrul Hasan, Niger Sultana Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Psychological Preparedness of the Rescuers and Volunteers: A Case Study of 2023 Türkiye Earthquake <p>When disaster strikes, first responders must be not only operationally and logistically but also psychologically prepared. Psychological preparation for a potential adverse event can have a critical impact on the success of responses, and recovery efforts. The aim of this paper is to analyze the psychological preparedness of rescuers and volunteers from Bosnia and Herzegovina who were assigned to the mission of minimizing the consequences of the earthquake in the Republic of Türkiye in February 2023. As a module in the training of the organizations that engaged them, the existence of psychosocial assistance provided to rescuers and volunteers (psychological first aid) in the circumstances of natural disasters was analyzed. The psychological readiness of the rescuers sent from Bosnia and Herzegovina to perform the assigned tasks, their status and condition during the mission were analyzed. The research was conducted in the period March – June 2023 using an anonymous questionnaire with combined questions. The results of this research determined that the majority of respondents believe that training aimed at protecting mental health and preventing the harmful effects of stressful situations in their work organization does not meet the challenges they encountered during the rescue mission in the Republic of Türkiye in February 2023. The results of this research highlight the need to find practical solutions - the inclusion of psychosocial assistance activities. It is therefore vital that psychological preparedness be included in emergency response plans.</p> Žarko Marceta, Dragiša Jurišic Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Harmonization of Soft Power and Institutional Skills: Montenegro's Path to Accession to the European Union in the Environmental Sector <p>This research investigates the alignment of soft power and institutional skills in Montenegro's journey towards accession to the European Union (EU), with a particular focus on the environmental sector. An online survey targeting individuals employed in state institutions directly engaged in negotiation processes, notably the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism and the Agency for Nature and Environmental Protection, was conducted. The research conducted an online survey, distributed before and after the summer recess to accommodate the transition of power following parliamentary elections, aimed at assessing the effectiveness of current personnel and identifying areas for improvement in staffing and negotiation strategies within Montenegro's environmental sector. Employing diverse methodologies, the survey's analysis delved into the demographic, social, and professional backgrounds of respondents. It explored their roles within institutions, involvement in environmental negotiations, and possession of relevant skills and expertise. Furthermore, respondents' knowledge of environmental issues, legislation, and challenges facing the country was assessed to gauge institutional capacity for environmental governance. Demographic data, including gender, age, education and regional origin, were collected to understand gender-specific attitudes and regional disparities in environmental perspectives. The sample of 84 individuals, comprising executives and employees from both institutions, provided insights into the age structure and regional diversity of personnel involved in negotiation tasks for Chapter 27. The selection of the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism and the Agency for Nature and Environmental Protection reflects their pivotal roles in shaping Montenegro's environmental policies and addressing climate change challenges. This study aims to illuminate the dynamics of environmental governance within Montenegro's state administration, contributing to the country's path towards EU accession. The research findings highlight the critical need for Montenegro to prioritize strategic initiatives in personnel management, skill development, and institutional capacity-building within its environmental sector. The implications of this research extend beyond academia to inform policymaking and societal action, emphasizing the urgency for Montenegro to bolster its environmental sector capabilities, fostering both EU alignment and sustainable governance practices for the benefit of present and future generations.</p> Srna Sudar; Vladimir M. Cvetković; Aleksandar Ivanov Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Analyzing in Post COVID-19 era: The Effect of Occupational Stress and Work-Life Balance on Employees Performance <p> For any organization, employee has a significant role in the overall performance and development. They have been considered the main asset of the organization. Employee performance has been dependent on various factors and contextual understanding. Drawing on the theory of self-determination, this research study focused on antecedents of employee performance in post COVID-19 context. The motivation behind this research study is to investigate the effects of occupational stress and work-life balance on employee performance in post COVID 19 era. To achieve the aim of the study 208 respondents were approached, who have been serving as middle-tier officers in reputed public sector medical universities and institutions. Statistical techniques (Normality of data, Correlation Analysis, Control Variables, Reliability Analysis and Regression Analysis) are applied to analyze the data through SPSS. The findings of this study depict that occupational stress and work-life balance create negative effects on employee performance in the context of fear of COVID-19. Accordingly, recommendations are provided for the targeted sector and others in general.</p> Umer Sani Sheikh Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Changes in Lulc and Drainage Network Patterns the Cause of Urban Flooding in Karachi City <p>Karachi is a strategic city in Pakistan that was once known as a fishing village. An increase in industrialization and urbanization had been seen in the city. Karachi's land use, land cover as well as drainage networks have been changed because of Industrialization and urbanization. Flooding in Karachi because of late summer season monsoon rainfall has resulted in urban flooding. Poor urban planning and management had severely affected both rivers and linked tributaries. This study used secondary data that shows changes in LULC and poorly maintained drainage networks are the factors that caused urban flooding in Karachi. DEM, GIS, and SRTM have been used to mark the boundaries of Karachi and drainage networks on the digitized map. These maps could be utilized for improving the natural drainage networks as well as flood mitigation and preparedness measures. This study may provide a guideline to disaster planning, management, and development authorities.</p> Ayesha Iftikhar, Jawed Iqbal Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Management of COVID: The Creeping Disaster in the Indian Scenario <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has posed an enormous challenge to the Indian healthcare system, leading to a creeping disaster in the country. This research article aims to analyze the management strategies adopted by the Indian government to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 and highlight the challenges faced in the Indian scenario. The study is based on a qualitative analysis of various secondary sources, including government reports, scientific literature, and news articles. The findings suggest that the Indian government implemented several measures to manage the COVID-19 pandemic, including nationwide lockdowns, scaling up testing and treatment facilities, and vaccination drives. However, the implementation of these measures was plagued by several challenges, including inadequate healthcare infrastructure, inadequate funding, shortage of medical supplies, and misinformation. The study also highlights the need for a coordinated response from different stakeholders, including the government, healthcare workers, and the general public, to effectively manage the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the study recommends the need for a robust healthcare infrastructure, investment in research and development, and public awareness campaigns to address the challenges posed by COVID-19. Overall, this research article provides insights into the management of the creeping disaster COVID-19 in the Indian scenario and underscores the need for concerted efforts from all stakeholders to effectively mitigate the impact of the pandemic.</p> Keny J. New Port, Godfrey G.P. Jawahar Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Use of New Technologies in the Field of Protection and Rescue During Disasters <p class="western" style="line-height: 100%; margin-bottom: 0.14in;" align="justify">Nowadays, dealing with natural disasters is becoming more and more challenging due to climate changes that lead to more frequent and intense natural disasters. Traditional protection and rescue methods are often not sufficient to meet all the challenges posed by these disasters. Therefore, the integration of new technologies becomes crucial for more effective risk management. Research of various aspects use of modern technologies in prevention, detection, response and restoration, in the context of natural disasters, it is necessary to focus on innovative approaches. By using artificial intelligence (AI), drones, sensor technologies, advanced communication systems, and the NICS system (Next-Generation Incident Command System), the goals of protecting civilian populations, reducing damage and improving the efficiency of rescue operations are achieved. Since 2016, the ARCECP Project (Advanced Regional Civil Emergency Coordination Pilot Project) has enabled the partner countries of the Western Balkans to acquire, implement and adapt the NICS system, in strengthening the capacity of emergency response and management in the region. The NICS system has partially taken root in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), and this paper will mostly refer to the implementation of the application in BiH and recommendations for its development at all levels of the BiH government. Through the analysis of existing case studies and the application of new technologies, the work identifies key success factors, challenges and potential directions for future development in this area.</p> Radislav Jovičić, Ladin Gostimirović, Srđan Milašinović Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0200