International Journal of Disaster Risk Management https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1 <p>International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) is a <strong>double-blind peer-reviewed</strong> (twice a year), open-access, international journal, that serves all aspects of disaster studies, policy, and management. It provides a platform for academics, policymakers, and practitioners to publish high-quality research and practice concerning natural disasters and hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, tsunamis, cyclones, wildfires, pandemics, etc.), man-made (anthropogenic) disasters (civil disorder, terrorism, war, biological/chemical threat, cyber-attacks, hazardous materials, industrial accidents, technological failures, etc), complex political emergencies, and global crises.</p> <p>The publisher is the <strong>Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management</strong>, Belgrade, Serbia - <a href="http://upravljanje-rizicima.com/">link.</a> The founder of the journal is <strong>Professor Dr Vladimir M. Cvetković</strong> from the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Security Studies - <a href="https://vladimircvetkovic.upravljanje-rizicima.edu.rs/">link</a></p> <p>ISSN (printed edition) 2620-2662, ISSN (electronic edition) 2620-2786, UDC: 614.8.069</p> <p>Journal Abbreviation - <strong>Int. J. Disaster Risk Manag.</strong></p> <p><strong>Brochure </strong>about International Journal of Disaster Risk Management<strong> - <a href="https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/libraryFiles/downloadPublic/18" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a>, and Booklet </strong>about International Journal of Disaster Risk Management<strong> - <a href="https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/libraryFiles/downloadPublic/19" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link.</a></strong></p> <p>Submission of the articles <strong>doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs) or submission charges</strong>.</p> <p>The journal crosses and affects interdisciplinary boundaries to promote communication, collaboration, and teamwork between professions and disciplines to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development. The journal encourages the interchange of ideas and experiences, to decrease the risk of disasters and build community resilience within the context of sustainable development and planetary boundaries.</p> <p>This is an <strong>open-access journal</strong> which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong></p> <p>Disasters, disaster risk management, natural disaster, technological disaster, emergency situations, crisis management, theory and practice, mitigation, preparedness, hazards, policy, natural, complex, emergencies, political, aid, relief, developing, humanitarian, field, reports, refugee, journal, research, analysis, review.</p> <p><strong>Abstracting and Indexing Information</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>J-Gate</strong> - <a href="https://jgateplus.com/home/">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ICI Journals Master List databas</strong>e - <a href="https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=121561&amp;lang=en">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Sherpa Romeo</strong> - <a href="https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/43918">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ERIH PLUS</strong> (European Reference Index for the Humanities or ERIH) - <a href="https://kanalregister.hkdir.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=500628">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>CEOOL</strong> (Central and Eastern European Online Library) - <a href="https://www.ceeol.com/search/journal-detail?id=2671">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Dimension</strong>s - <a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;and_facet_source_title=jour.1367547&amp;order=date">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>National Library of Serbia</strong> - COBISS.SR-ID - 275644172 - <a href="https://plus.cobiss.net/cobiss/sr/sr/bib/275644172#full">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Crossre</strong>f - <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=International+Journal+of+Disaster+Risk+Management&amp;from_ui=yes&amp;publication=International+Journal+of+Disaster+Risk+Management#">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>ROAD</strong> – Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources - <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2620-2786#">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Fatca</strong>t - <a href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/uv6c5jkmufaqdajjkeqganghoq">link</a></li> <li class="show"><strong>Google Scholar Citation</strong>s - <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=unZAdSIAAAAJ&amp;hl=sr&amp;authuser=1">link</a></li> </ul> <p>Also, you can find us via Facebook - <a href="https://www.facebook.com/IJDRM">link</a>, Instagram - <a href="https://www.instagram.com/international_journal_of_drm/?hl=sr" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a>, or Twitter - <a href="https://twitter.com/home" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a></p> <p>This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both before and after publication while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) allows authors to deposit the publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository, research gate, Academia.edu, and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on the Author's website (including social networking sites<span lang="">), </span>and/or departmental website, at any time after publication in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial – NoDerrivatives 4.0 (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/</a>). The Publisher's copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI (HTML link).</p> <p><strong>Aims and scope</strong></p> <p>The journal will cover all aspects of disaster risk management from a global perspective, including but not limited to:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>Disaster and crisis management theory and practice,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Risk awareness and assessment,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Hazard and vulnerability analysis,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Knowledge development including education, training, research, and information on disasters,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Public commitment and institutional frameworks, including organizational, policy, legislation, and community action,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Disaster prevention, mitigation, response, recovery planning, policies, and implementation,</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Promotes the interchange of ideas between practitioners, policy-makers, and academics.</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong> </strong><strong>Submission Process</strong></p> <p> Authors are kindly invited to submit their formatted full papers. All paper submissions will be blind peer-reviewed and evaluated based on originality, research content, correctness, relevance to the conference, and readability (reviewer form). Please read the complete submission and formatting guidelines before submitting your paper.</p> <p><strong>Please, use the template for writing the article - <a href="https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/libraryFiles/downloadPublic/8" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a> and guidelines for contributors - <a href="https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/libraryFiles/downloadPublic/10" target="_blank" rel="noopener">link</a></strong></p> <p>Papers that are not adapted to the form will be rejected.</p> <p><strong>You can submit your paper through the following - <a href="https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Link</a> </strong><u>or send it via email - ijodrm@gmail.com; and disaster.risk.management.serbia@gmail.com if you have a problem with the online platform.</u></p> <p> <strong>Length of paper</strong></p> <p>There are no restrictions on paper length! We strongly encourage authors to present their experimental and theoretical findings with utmost thoroughness.</p> Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management, Belgrade. en-US International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2620-2662 <p>International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) allows authors to deposit publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository, research gate, Academia.edu, and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on Author's personal website (including social networking sites<span lang="">)&nbsp;</span>and/or departmental website, at any time after publication in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial – NoDerrivatives 4.0 (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/</a>). The Publisher's copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI (HTML link).</p> Raised Under Bad Stars: Negotiating a culture of disaster preparedness https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/75 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In efforts to prevent, respond to, and recover from disasters, what alternatives are available to top-down strategies for imposing expert knowledge on lay publics? How is the context of communities’ socio-ecological context understood in the development of programs and policy on their behalf? What can be learned from community narratives and cultural practices to inform disaster risk reduction? The ways communities have regarded disasters and natural hazards in the cultural sphere can provide a lens to inform the understanding of their ability to withstand shocks and the factors that led to such conditions. Only by tracing the complexities of creating, transmitting, and preserving a culture of preparedness among disaster-vulnerable communities can we claim to be working towards policy that is informed by their own experience.&nbsp; I collected examples of how different communities perceive, prevent, and respond to disaster through art, music, and literature and analyzed how these were embedded into local narratives and how historical context influenced such approaches. My findings show that communities use cultural practices to contextualize experiences of hazards into their collective narrative; that is, storytelling and commemoration make disasters comprehensible. By framing disasters as an anthropological inquiry, practitioners can better recognize the influence of a place’s nuance in the disaster management canon–guided by these details, not despite them.&nbsp;</span></p> Daniel Starosta Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 1 16 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.1 Social capitals and earthquake: A Study of different districts of Tehran, Iran https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/74 <p class="MDPI17abstract" style="margin-left: 27.75pt;">Earthquakes occur suddenly and cause much physical and socioeconomic damage, especially in less developed countries. Many studies and strategies related to earthquake management in Iran emphasize the physical-based infrastructure, such as National Building Regulations or planning to renovate existing buildings. However, the relevance of social factors has been widely neglected. Addressing this gap, the present paper argues that social capital can play a vital role in different stages of natural disasters, such as preparedness, response, and recovery. Focusing on Tehran, that due to urban decay and geological fault lines is highly earthquake-prone, this study used secondary analysis to examine the data obtained from large cross-sectional studies conducted by Tehran Municipality in 2010 on social capital survey in Tehran and 2017 on quality of life in Tehran The present study is descriptive-analytical and applied research. Univariate analysis including measures of central tendency and dispersion was used to achieve the objectives of this research. The analyzed data show that four urban districts in Tehran (3, 21, 13, 4) have low bonding social capital, while the others have moderate bonding social capital. Moreover, four districts (9, 16, 19, 12) have very low bridging social capital, and the rest of the 22 districts have low bridging social capital. Demonstrating the relevance of social capital for preparing and supporting vulnerable communities during natural disasters, this study suggests social policies that would increase social cohesion, enhance generalized trust and strengthen social networks.&nbsp;</p> Maryam Zareian Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 17 28 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.2 Water Crisis in the Rangamati Hill District of Bangladesh: A Case Study on Indigenous Community https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/78 <p>The ethnic communities are the most underprivileged and exposed areas in Bangladesh's Chittagong hill tracts. Since the last decade, these areas have been facing severe challenges from climate change, such as drought leading to water scarcity, prolonged rainfall triggering landslides, dry-up of watersheds due to lack of rain, soil erosion, etc. This research aims to identify the key indicators of the causes and consequences of the water crisis caused by climate change and traditional water scarcity adoption practices in terms of sustainable upland water management. However, semi-structured and Key Informant Interviews were conducted following open-ended questionnaires in the Rangamati district. The study found that the locals in this region have few pure drinking water sources and often rely on nearby springs and lakes. It has also been discovered that rising deforestation is drying up the waterways. About 44% of the community states that deforestation is the main reason for the water crisis. According to the community, the situation gets worse during the dry season. The study results also show that women face difficulties because they are more likely to collect water for their family members and carry out their daily activities. Future studies should examine various mitigation strategies that are feasible for implementation locally, with a focus on expanding forest cover and afforestation, which could raise the groundwater level and improve the availability of water in the mountainous region. Finally, the findings can assist policymakers, practitioners, and the government in developing policies to benefit this community soon.</p> Swarnali Chakma Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 29 44 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.3 Anticipated Role of Bangladesh Police in Disaster Management Based on the Contribution of Bangladesh Police during the Pandemic COVID 19 https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/79 <p>This article explores the contribution of Bangladesh Police as a first responder in the pandemic COVID-19 in recent years. Bangladesh police played a vital role in maintaining law and order situation during prolonged lockdown, building awareness among mass people, ensuring safe transportation and mobility, and assisting people on humanitarian grounds. The article also identifies the anticipated potential responsibility of Bangladesh police in pre-disaster planning and post-disaster response based on the experience gathered during the pandemic. Bangladesh police faces some challenges regarding participating in disaster management task actively, such as limited resources, want of communication channel among various government and non-government agencies, and limited preparedness. The article found that during any kind of disaster, Bangladesh Police can enhance their service to the citizens through effective planning, training, utilizing modern technology, and willingness.&nbsp;</p> Fatema Islam Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 45 56 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.4 A Predictive Model of Community Disaster Resilience based on Social Identity Influences (MODERSI) https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/80 <p>The territory of Serbia is vulnerable to various types of natural and man-made disasters. The risk is not equal across the entire territory, depending on the type of hazard and the expected potential for damage. So far, the level of community disaster resilience has not been determined in Serbia. There are no scientific preconditions for its improvement to reduce the future material and intangible consequences of disasters. Regarding that, the project’s main objective is to develop and validate a predictive model of community disaster resilience based on social identity influences through an investigation impact of social identity indicators on the level of community disaster resilience in Serbia. The project is based on the upcoming research on whether the level of community disaster resilience can be predicted based on social identity indicators, how social identity indicators affect different dimensions of community disaster resilience, and how disasters shape social identity. The project is based on multimethod research in which quantitative (face-to-face interviews in 40 of the 191 municipalities), and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) research methodology will be applied. A developed predictive model with an index of community disaster resilience in Serbia will empower the creation of preconditions for designing public policies, strategies and procedures for improving resilience and reducing the consequences of disasters on people and their property and enhancing citizens’ security. The project will encourage the prediction of community disaster resilience based on social identity indicators, improving disaster foresight and preparing to limit disaster losses. Based on the development of analytical frameworks for understanding community disaster resilience and social identity in disasters, essential preconditions for designing innovative information systems will be created to enable local communities to increase their level of resilience.</p> Vladimir M. Cvetković Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 57 80 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.5 Hazard risk evaluation of COVID-19: A case study https://internationaljournalofdisasterriskmanagement.com/index.php/Vol1/article/view/81 <p>The present research deals with an in-depth analysis of COVID-19 risk in the state of Kerala using the integrated approach of the hazard and vulnerability in a GIS platform. Considering the probable causative factors of this disease, several geo-environmental indicators are analyzed through various statistical and geospatial techniques. Lorenz curve indicates an uneven distribution of COVID-19 instances in Kerala. Hazard analysis is formulated based on the proximity to hotspots and LULC followed by vulnerability analysis using an integrated analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Risk analysis reveals that COVID-19 infection poses a very serious threat to around 2.39% of Kerala's total land area, with high, medium and low risks of 38, 44 and 14% respectively. The outcomes of this research will be a first-hand tool for policymakers to safeguard the population in high-risk potential zones from the future spread of infectious disease.</p> Subhadip Ulal Sucharita Saha Srimanta Gupta Dipti Karmakar Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Disaster Risk Management 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 5 2 81 101 10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.2.6