Flood policy in Algeria

  • Faicel Tout Institute of Urban Techniques Management, cities and health Laboratory, University of Constantine 3, The New city Ali Mendjeli.
Keywords: Flood Risk, disaster Management, legislation, prevention, regulation, Algeria


Through this research, we try to identify the policy of prevention and management of disasters related to the risk of flooding in Algeria, especially by knowing the degree of integration and interest of the State in this risk, and by examining the completeness of legislation and regulation, their complementarity or not, their realistic effects, and the extent of effective control over the phenomenon, and from there, the research focused on various legislation related to land use, insurance, institutional organization, legislation on water evacuation, dam safety, construction techniques for protection, infrastructure, public hygiene, environmental protection, organization of emergency response, first aid, warning systems, information methods, control and maintenance, attempts to raise awareness and rehabilitation. And the construction laws and the knowledge of their real weight. The research has shown late interest in this aspect, as it has clarified some of the problems that prevent finding practical ways to protect cities, such as the lack of plans indicating areas at risk of flooding, the lack of real programming of these plans, the lack of control of irregular urban expansion, the lack of separation and detail in the general guidelines for cities and rural areas in the field, and the lack of control of the tasks assigned to the  Local authorities in this aspect in the legal texts, especially with regard to the municipality, the absence of private institutions for insurance for this type of risk and the absence of specialized teams for disaster relief. The research also indicates some means that allow better protection of the risk, such as the possibility of relying on historical plans as a temporary and conditional measure for areas that have been exposed to floods in order to pass the prevention policy on the ground and try to exploit remote sensing techniques and develop modelling methods to achieve real predictions and simulations of areas at risk.


Bourenane, H., Bouhadad, Y., & Guettouche, M. S. (2019). Flood hazard mapping in urban area using the hydrogeomorphological approach: case study of the Boumerzoug and Rhumel alluvial plains (Constantine city, NE Algeria). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 160(December 2018), 103602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2019.103602

Erdlenbruch, K., Thoyer, S., Grelot, F., Kast, R., & Enjolras, G. (2009). Risk-sharing policies in the context of the French Flood Prevention Action Programmes. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(2), 363–369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.09.002

Executive Decree No. 04-181 of June 24, 2004 Ministry of Post and Information and Communication Technologies Official Gazette No. 41 of June 27, 2004 p. 24 establishing the Liaison Committee associated with major natural and technological hazards.

Executive Decree No. 09-399 of November 29, 2009 Official Gazette No. 71 of December 02, 2009, p. 3 Defines flood forecasting mechanisms.

Executive Decree No. 11-76 signed on February 16, 2011, Ministry of Urban Development and Environment, Official Gazette No. 11 of February 20, 2011, page 10 specifying the conditions and modalities for developing, preparing and approving the new city development plan.

Executive Decree No. 15-19 of January 25, 2015, Official Gazette No. 7 of February 12, 2015, page 4 specifying the procedures for preparing and delivering construction contracts.

Executive Decree No. 17-333 of November 15, 2017 Official Gazette No. 68 of November 28, 2017 p. 15 sets the rules for the exploitation and maintenance of surface water barriers.

Executive Decree No. 19-148 of April 29, 2019 Official Gazette No. 30 of May 08, 2019 p. 15 amending the organic law of the National Agency for Water Resources.

Executive Decree No. 91-175 of May 28, 1991 Official Gazette No. 26 of June 01, 1991, page 953 Determines the general rules for planning, development and construction.

Executive Decree No. 91-176 of May 28, 1991 Official Gazette No. 26 of June 01, 1991, p. 962 determines the procedures for preparing and handing over the construction certificate, partition permit, partition certificate, building permit, conformity certificate, and demolition permit.

Executive Decree No. 98-258 of August 25, 1998 Official Gazette No. 63 of August 26, 1998, page 9 includes the transformation of the National Office of Meteorology into a public institution of an industrial and commercial nature.

Harkat, N. (2021). Urban vulnerability of Algerian Cities to flood Risk, case study Batna city (in French). University of Constantine3 -Salah Boubnider-.

Howe, J., & White, I. (2010). Flooding , Pollution And Agriculture. International Journal of Environmental Studies, October 2014, 19–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230304746

Khalaj, M. R., Noor, H., & Dastranj, A. (2021). Investigation and simulation of flood inundation hazard in urban areas in Iran. Geoenvironmental Disasters, 8(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40677-021-00191-1

Koks, E. E., Jongman, B., Husby, T. G., & Botzen, W. J. W. (2015). Combining hazard, exposure and social vulnerability to provide lessons for flood risk management. Environmental Science and Policy, 47, 42–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2014.10.013

Law No. 01-19 passed on December 12, 2001, Ministry of Urban Planning and Environment, Official Gazette No. 77 of December 15, 2001, page 9, relating to waste management, control and removal.

Law No. 03-10 passed on July 19, 2003 Official Gazette No. 43 of July 20, 2003 p. 6 related to the protection of the environment within the framework of sustainable development.

Law No. 03-16 of October 25, 2003, Official Gazette No. 64 of October 26, 2003, page 5 approving Ordinance No. 03-12 of Jumada II 27, 1424 corresponding to August 26, 2003 relating to compulsory insurance for natural disasters and compensation for victims .

Law No. 04-05 passed on August 14, 2004, Ministry of Housing and Urbanization, Official Gazette No. 51 of August 15, 2004, page 4 amending and supplementing Law No. 29-90 of Jumada I 14, 1411, corresponding to December 1, 1990, relating to planning and development.

Law No. 04-20 passed on December 25, 2004, Ministry of the Interior and Local Authorities, Official Gazette No. 84 of December 29, 2004, page 13 relating to the prevention of major dangers and the management of disasters within the framework of sustainable development.

Law No. 05-12 of August 4, 2005, Official Gazette No. 60 of September 4, 2005, p. 3, related to water.

Law No. 06-06 passed on February 20, 2006, Ministry of Urban Development and Environment, Official Gazette No. 15 of March 12, 2006, page 16 containing the directive law of the city.

Law No. 08-15 passed on July 20, 2008, Ministry of Housing and Urbanization, Official Gazette No. 44 dated August 03, 2008, page 19 sets out the rules for matching buildings and completing their completion.

Law No. 10-02 passed on June 29, 2010 Official Gazette No. 61 of October 21, 2010, page 3 includes the approval of the National Plan for Territory Development.

Law No. 10-11 passed on June 22, 2011 Official Gazette No. 37 of July 03, 2011, p. 4 relating to the municipality.

Law No. 12-07 passed on February 21, 2012 Official Gazette No. 12 of February 29, 2012 p. 5 relating to the mandate.

Law No. 90-08 passed on April 7, 1990, Ministry of the Interior, Official Gazette No. 15 of April 11, 1990, page 488, relating to the municipality.

Law No. 90-29 passed on December 01, 1990, Ministry of Equipment, Official Gazette No. 52 dated December 02, 1990, page 1652, related to planning and reconstruction.

Liao, K. H., Chan, J. K. H., & Huang, Y. L. (2019). Environmental justice and flood prevention: The moral cost of floodwater redistribution. Landscape and Urban Planning, 189(September 2018), 36–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.04.012

Miceli, R., Sotgiu, I., & Settanni, M. (2008). Disaster preparedness and perception of flood risk: A study in an alpine valley in Italy. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28(2), 164–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2007.10.006

Nikolić Popadić, S. (2021). Flood prevention in Serbia and legal challenges in obtaining the land for flood risk management. Environmental Science and Policy, 116(March 2020), 213–219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2020.11.007

Olcina, J., & Sauri, D. (2016). Flood policy in Spain: a review for the period 1983-2013. Disaster Prevention and Management, 25(1), 41–58. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/DPM-05-2015-0108

Ordinance No. 03-12 of August 26, 2003 of the Ministry of Finance, Official Gazette No. 52 of August 27, 2003, page 22, relating to compulsory insurance against natural disasters and compensation for victims.

Ordinance No. 75-25 signed on April 29, 1975 Ministry of Transport Official Gazette No. 36 dated May 06, 1975, page 486 includes the establishment of the National Meteorological Office.

Ordinance No. 95-07 of January 25, 1995 Official Gazette No. 13 of March 08, 1995, p. 3 relating to insurances.

Perrone, A., Inam, A., Adamowski, J., & Sole, A. (2020). A participatory system dynamics modeling approach to facilitate collaborative fl ood risk management : A case study in the Bradano River. 580(May 2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124354

Raikes, J., Smith, T. F., Jacobson, C., & Baldwin, C. (2019). Pre-disaster planning and preparedness for floods and droughts: A systematic review Jonathan. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 38(May), 101207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101207

Shih, S. S., Kuo, P. H., & Lai, J. S. (2019). A nonstructural flood prevention measure for mitigating urban inundation impacts along with river flooding effects. Journal of Environmental Management, 251(September), 109553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109553

Smith, A., Porter, J. J., & Upham, P. (2016). “We cannot let this happen again”: reversing UK flood policy in response to the Somerset Levels floods, 2014. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2016.1157458

Torpan, S., Hansson, S., Rhinard, M., Kazemekaityte, A., Jukarainen, P., Meyer, S. F., Schieffelers, A., Lovasz, G., & Orru, K. (2021). Handling false information in emergency management: A cross-national comparative study of European practices. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102151

Yang, T. H., & Liu, W. C. (2020). A general overview of the risk-reduction strategies for floods and droughts. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(7), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072687Alcayna, T., Bollettino, V., Dy, P., & Vinck, P. (2016). Resilience and disaster trends in the Philippines: opportunities for national and local capacity building. PLoS currents, 8.

How to Cite
Tout, F. (2023). Flood policy in Algeria . International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 5(1), 27-39. https://doi.org/10.18485/ijdrm.2023.5.1.3