Risk Perception of Building Fires in Belgrade
Starting from the frequency and seriousness of fire in residential buildings in the area of Belgrade, this paper presents the results of research on the perception of citizens’ risks of fires in residential buildings. A series of 322 face-to-face interviews were conducted at the beginning of 2017 in Belgrade. The results of multivariate regressions of risk perception of building fires show that the most important predictor of perceived risk of building fires is fear, age, employment status, income level, and marital status. The remaining variables (e.g., gender, education level, previous experience) did not have a significant impact. Respondents who have fear, are married, have higher income, and elderly people perceive the higher level of risk in relation to those who have no fear, live alone, have lower incomes and younger persons. The results of the research can be
used to improve the level of safety of citizens by raising their awareness of the risks of fires in housing facilities by designing and using appropriate educational programs and campaigns.
Alexander, D. E. (2013). Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 13(11), 2707-2716.
Cvetković, V. (2017). Krizne situacije – pripremljenost države, lokalne zajednice i građana. Vojno delo, 69(7), 122-136.
Cvetković, V., & Filipović, M. (2017a). Pripremljenost za reagovanje na rizike od prirodnih katastrofa: Zadužbina Andrejević.
Cvetković, V., & Filipović, M. (2017b). Pripremljenost za reagovanje na rizike od prirodnih katastrofa: preporuke za unapređenje bezbednosti građana - Preparedness for responding to natural disaster risks - recommendations for improving citizens security (pp. 180): Beograd: Zadužbina Andrejević - Instant system.
Cvetković, V., Kevin, R., Shaw, R., Filipović, M., Mano, R., Gačić, J., & Jakovljević, V. (2019). Household earthquake preparedness in Serbia – a study from selected municipalities. Acta Geographica, 59(1), In press.
Cvetković, V., Roder, G., Öcal, A., Tarolli, P., & Dragićević, S. (2018). The Role of Gender in Preparedness and Response Behaviors towards Flood Risk in Serbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(12), 2761.
Cvetković, V. M., Öcal, A., & Ivanov, A. (2019). Young adults’ fear of disasters: A case study of residents from Turkey, Serbia and Macedonia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 101095. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101095
Firing, K., Karlsdottir, R., & Christian Laberg, J. (2009). Social influence in military leadership training. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 30(8), 709-721.
Gandit, M., Kouabenan, D. R., & Caroly, S. (2009). Road-tunnel fires: Risk perception and management strategies among users. Safety science, 47(1), 105-114.
Garrick, B. J. (2008). Quantifying and controlling catastrophic risks: Academic Press.
Kedar, B. (1970). Again: Arabic risq, medieval Latin risicum, studi medievali. Spoleto: Centro Italiano Di Studi Sull Alto Medioevo.
Khan, M. S. A. (2008). Disaster preparedness for sustainable development in Bangladesh. Disaster Prevention and Management, 17(5), 662-671. doi: 10.1108/09653560810918667
Kinateder, M. T., Kuligowski, E. D., Reneke, P. A., & Peacock, R. D. (2014). A review of risk perception in building fire evacuation: National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Kirkwood, A. S. (1994). Why Do We Worry When Scientists Say There Is No Risk? Disaster Prevention and Management, 3(2), 15-22. doi: 10.1108/09653569410053905
Kuligowski, E. D. (2011). Terror defeated: occupant sensemaking, decision-making and protective action in the 2001 World Trade Center disaster.
Kumar, T. S. A., & Newport, J. K. (2007). Institutional preparedness and sustainability of micro finance institutions during post disaster scenario. Disaster Prevention and Management, 16(1), 21-32. doi: 10.1108/09653560710729785
Lerner, J. S., & Keltner, D. (2001). Fear, anger, and risk. Journal of personality and social psychology, 81(1), 146.
Lindell, M. K., & Whitney, D. J. (2000). Correlates of household seismic hazard adjustment adoption. Risk Analysis, 20(1), 13-26.
Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (1985). Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states. Behaviour research and therapy, 23(5), 563-569.
McLaughlin, A. C., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2014). Designing effective risk communications for older adults. Safety science, 61, 59-65.
Merino, L., Caballero, F., Martínez‐de Dios, J. R., Ferruz, J., & Ollero, A. (2006). A cooperative perception system for multiple UAVs: Application to automatic detection of forest fires. Journal of Field Robotics, 23(3‐4), 165-184.
Ozmen, F. (2006). The level of preparedness of the schools for disasters from the aspect of the school principals. Disaster Prevention and Management, 15(3), 383-395. doi: 10.1108/09653560610669873
Simpson, D. M. (2008). Disaster preparedness measures: a test case development and application. Disaster Prevention and Management, 17(5), 645-661. doi: 10.1108/09653560810918658
Slovic, P. (1987). Perception of risk. science, 236(4799), 280-285.
Slovic, P. (2010). The feeling of risk: New perspectives on risk perception: Routledge.
Slović, P. (1993). Perceived risk, trust, and democracy. Risk Analysis, 13(6), 675-682.
Taylor, J. G., & Daniel, T. C. (1984). Prescribed fire: Public education and perception. Journal of Forestry, 82(6), 361-365.
Wachinger, G., Renn, O., Begg, C., & Kuhlicke, C. (2013). The risk perception paradox—implications for governance and communication of natural hazards. Risk Analysis, 33(6), 1049-1065.
Weber, E. U., Blais, A. R., & Betz, N. E. (2002). A domain‐specific risk‐attitude scale: Measuring risk perceptions and risk behaviors. Journal of behavioral decision making, 15(4), 263-290.
Wilson, F., Gott, M., & Ingleton, C. (2013). Perceived risks around choice and decision making at end-of-life: a literature review. Palliative medicine, 27(1), 38-53.
Wachinger, G., Renn, O., Begg, C., & Kuhlicke, C. (2013). The risk perception paradox—implications for governance and communication of natural hazards. Risk analysis, 33(6), 1049-1065.
International Journal of Disaster Risk Management (IJDRM) allows authors to deposit publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository, research gate, Academia.edu, and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on Author's personal website (including social networking sites) and/or departmental website, at any time after publication in compliance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial – NoDerrivatives 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). The Publisher's copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI (HTML link).